Views: 52 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2015-11-30 Origin: www.better-silicone.com
Umbrella valves have been around for many years, Their applications include vessel vent valves such as for automotive fuel tanks, in- and outlet
valves for piston- and diaphragm pumps, one-way check valves in (disposable) breathing masks, and numerous other fluid control functions in
medical devices, home appliances, cars and toys.
Umbrella valves are elastomeric valve components that have a diaphragm shaped sealing disk or an umbrella shape if you like. These elastomeric
components are used as sealing elements in backflow prevention devices or one-way valves or check valves, in vent valves or pressure relief valves
and in metering valves. When mounted in a seat, the convex diaphragm flattens out against the valve seat and absorbs a certain amount of seat
irregularities and creates a certain sealing force. The umbrella valve will allow forward flow once the head pressure creates enough force to lift the
convex diaphragm from the seat and so it will allow flow at a predetermined pressure in one way and prevent back flow immediately in the opposite way.
The main advantage compared to other types of valves such as spring loaded disc valves is that an umbrella valve uses its elastic material properties
and its preloaded convex shape to create the sealing force against the seat and that it uses the central stem to hold the component in place so as to
avoid the need for additional components such as a spring and the need for a central or circumferential disc positioner(s). This simplifies the design
of the assembly and makes the valve adaptable to minimal space, reduces the number of pieces in a valve, simplifies assembly and last but not least
is very cost effective.
Other not less important benefits include:
1)immediate positive seal,
3)variable opening pressure trough seat thickness,
4)high flow rate vs. package size,
7)very cost effective.
These are most common and are well suited for hand assembly. To install one places the long tail through a central bore in the seat, pull it and the
valve pops in place
These types are preferred when the placing of a long tail in the central bore is more difficult. For example deep down in the bottom of a cylinder. Or
when the upstream side of the valve is not accessible. For example when placing the valve in the wall of a tank where the inside of the tank is
inaccessible. This type can also be used in automatic assembly.
The name speaks for itself, the shape of the membrane looks like a Belleville spring washer held by an elastomeric hinge in the centre. And it acts
that way! Typically the valve will pop suddenly open once a predetermined pressure is achieved. This is much different from umbrella valves with
Inverted stem which are more restrictive. The central stem is located downstream of the valve and is held in place by a retainer. This retainer could
be a separate component or an integral part of the device in which it is integrated such as a cap or lid just above the umbrella valve. The seat of
this type of valve is much easier to manufacture because it has only one flow orifice.